United Nations Security Council will become obsolete if not reformed: G4 countries


New Delhi: Calling for “urgency of reform” at the United Nations Security Council “to better reflect contemporary realities”, the G4 countries have said that the top UN body is at risk of becoming “obsolete”. The G4 countries–India, Japan, Germany and Brazil, are a group of nations who have been calling for reforms at the UNSC.

In a strongly-worded joint statement, the nations said, “As part of reforming the Security Council an expansion of the Security Council in both categories will be indispensable to make this body…representative, legitimate and effective….to deal with the complex challenges the world faces today on questions of international peace and security”. 

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It added, “Only if we manage to reform the Security Council will we stop it from becoming obsolete…which will allow it to preserve its credibility and create the political backing needed for the peaceful resolution of today’s international crises.” The G4 statement “expressed disappointment” and without taking China’s name called out “attempts to derail.. this process”.

So far over the decade-old Intergovernmental Negotiations (IGN) on Security Council reform has seen no movement forward. The statement said, “The recent session demonstrated yet again that the IGN lacks the necessary openness and transparency and is constrained by flawed working methods.”

G4 countries have said that the IGN process should follow working methods laid out in United Nations Charter, UN General Assembly rules and time-bound text-based negotiations should happen. China has been dragging its feet on the issue and recently said starting text-based negotiation in a haste will not conducive to building a consensus.

The grouping also batted for Africa at the high table and the joint statement mentioned support for Common African Position enshrined in the Ezulwini Consensus and the Sirte Declaration. Ezulwini Consensus and Sirte declaration call for at least two permanent and five to two non-permanent UNSC seats to be given to African countries at UNSC.

The statement said, “Africa needs to be represented in both the permanent and non-permanent categories of membership of a reformed and expanded Security Council to correct the historical injustice against this continent” with regard to its under-representation in the Security Council. 

The G4 statement comes days after IBSA grouping– India, Brazil, South Africa issued a similar statement on the reforms.

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